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Nursing Care Plan Diabetes Mellitus

Diabetes Mellitus is the absence or insufficient secretion of insulin resulting in abnormal carbohydrate, protein and fat metabolism. Included are two types: Type I or insulin dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM) and Type II or non-insulin-dependent diabtes mellitus (NIDDM).

Nursing Diagnosis: Anxiety related to threat to self-concept, changes in health status resulting in apprehension and fear consequences of chronic disorder. Other possible diagnoses: Knowledge deficit related to lack of exposure to new diagnosis of diabetes mellitus resulting in possible noncomplicance and complications; High risk for impaired skin integrity related to altered circulation and sensation resulting in infection, poor healing; High risk for activity intolerance related to inexperience with exercise/activity requirements resulting in insulin-diet-activity imbalance and hyperglycemia; and High risk for altered nutrition: less than body requirements related to inability to digest foods resulting in increased blood glucose and urinary ketones caused by insulin-diet-activity imbalance; Ineffective peripheral tissue Perfusion related to decreased arterial flow.
Nursing care plan Diabetes Mellitus

Nursing care plan Expected Outcomes: Anxiety within manageable levels evidence by verbalization that anxiety is decreasing, relaxed muscles and facial expression, ability to relax and sleep.

Nursing care plan Intervention and Rationale:
I. Assess for:
  1. Levels of anxiety, stated reasons for apprehension - anxiety may range from mild to severe and affects ability to comprehend instruction necessary for self-care.
  2. Verbal and nonverbal clues of anxiety, precipitating factors and corresponding reactions - may not be able to communicate feelings but reveals physical response.
  3. Responses to information and treatments - these may increase or decrease anxiety.
  4. Personal resources to cope with stress, anxiety - support systems and personal strengths assist to reduce anxiety
II: Perform or provide:
  1. Time to remain with patient and listen to expression of concerns and fears - allows for venting of feelings, which reduces anxiety.
  2. Positive response to reasonable demands and requests without experiencing anger or disappointment - allows patient to control his/her environment.
  3. Environment that avoids anxiety-producing situations - stimuli increase anxiety.
III: Nursing care plan Family Teaching:
  1. Relaxation techniques, guided imagery, diversionary activities - allows control over anxiety-producing situations.
  2. Cause, treatment, and expectations, possible effect on life-style and role - fear of unknown results in higher anxiety levels.
  3. The treatment includes diet, medication, activity, and will allow for return to living arrangement and work life with modifications - provides general information for future life-style changes.
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